• Vol. 11 nº 1, juillet 2024

    To our knowledge, there was no study that evaluated the effect of instrumental practice on the salivary cortisol, secretory alpha-amylase (or sAA), and secretory immunoglobulin-A (or sIgA) levels of older amateur musicians when we began this research project. There were also no studies who looked at these effects through the lens of salutogenic theory.

  • ISSN : 2368-7061
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